How To Construct A Research Paper Concluding Paragraph


Your research paper has two very important parts: the introduction and the conclusion. Both require you to be smart and interesting, complete yet concise, and very convincing. If the introduction pulls your reader in from their world into yours, the conclusion is the transition that lets them step out again. The conclusion of your research paper has to remind your reader what they have just read. It also has to say what the research means, and suggest future work.

You have to be clear in your mind about the point you want to convey and make sure it is included in the concluding paragraph.

  • Restate your hypothesis or question in different words.
  • Use the introduction you had written earlier as the guide to writing your conclusion. If you started with an anecdote, finish it here. If you had given a visual example in the introduction, write in the same terms what it looks like now.
  • If your research paper is longer, you can take a sentence or word from each paragraph to conclude it.
  • The conclusion should take up threads from the beginning until the end of the paper, and weave them together in a discernible pattern.
  • Suggest further work or a course of action. For example, if your paper is about noise pollution you can say “there is more to learn about noise pollution and…..” or if it is making electricity from lemons you can write “Now take a dozen lemons and…”
  • Do not change the tone of your paper in the conclusion. It is an exciting moment when you are finishing a research paper. A triumphant, joyous, or emotional note is often detected in the conclusion. Keep your tone a variable of the rest of your paper. If you have used an academic tone, keep it that way instead of gushing.
  • Do not start your conclusion with clichés such as “in conclusion it can be said.”
  • Do not introduce ANY new idea in the conclusion.
  • Do not include evidence in the conclusion.
  • Do not make appeals, sentimental or otherwise, in the conclusion.
  • Your closing lines are your place to make or break the paper. This is where you go full-throttle, for the kill. Demonstrate the importance of your work, pull the reader into your idea, and end it on a positive note.
  • The last words of your conclusion should bring the reader full circle and give a sense of closure.

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